The challenge of managing migration has grown dramatically in recent decades as more and more people are forced to move out of their homes due to various economic, political, social, and environmental factors.
For starters, most migratory movements are regular: they are carried out legally through regulatory channels and legal means.
The migration is a social phenomenon caused by a wide variety of reasons, including the search for better economic and educational opportunities, the desire for family reunification, climate change and disasters.
However, migration that is not safe, orderly and regular results in problems that the world is currently experiencing, such as the thousands of migrants who have died or disappeared along .
In response to the growth of irregular migratory movements, many countries are considering border control as a solution: closing ports of entry to prevent migration.
It is true that efficient border management policies and tools help prevent irregular migration, dismantle organized crime networks and protect the rights of migrants. They are an essential part of migration governance, but not the only one.
Beyond border control, countries can approach migration from a holistic point of view that seeks to harness its potential to boost countries’ economies while addressing the risks of the process.
Here are some recommendations based on the IOM Migration Governance Framework :
- Countries should promote stability, education and employment opportunities and reduce the drivers of forced migration, thus allowing people to choose between staying or emigrating.
- The collection, analysis and use of credible data and information on, inter alia, demographic data, cross-border movements, internal displacement, diasporas, labor markets, seasonal trends, education and health is essential to creating fact-based policies that weigh the benefits and migration risks.
- The regional cooperation can help minimize the negative consequences of migration and preserve its integrity.
Migration has the potential to bring positive socio-economic outcomes for both society and migrants. For countries to reap these benefits, their policies and practices must promote the socio-economic well-being of migrants and society, while adhering to international standards that respect, protect and fulfill the human rights of people within the territory of a state without discrimination based on nationality, race, gender, religion or immigration status